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What are parenting styles?

Parental engagement in a child’s life can have a profound impact on their long-term well-being and achievements. Parents utilize different parenting styles to guide their children, influencing their development. Thus, “What are parenting styles?”


Before we dive in,


What is parenting?

Parenting, the process of raising children and providing them with protection and care in order to ensure their healthy development into adulthood.


What are the different parenting styles?


1. Neglecting parenting:

This is a kind of parenting where parents are not actively involved in their child’s life. They provide little support or supervision, and may not show much affection. Neglectful parenting can manifest in various ways, such as failing to meet the child’s basic needs consistently, including food, shelter, and clothing.

Moreover, these parents might overlook the emotional needs of their child, neglecting to provide comfort, guidance, or validation. This lack of consistent support and emotional connection can leave children feeling neglected, unimportant, and insecure.

As a result, they may struggle with low self-esteem, difficulty forming healthy relationships, and emotional regulation issues. Additionally, children raised in neglectful environments may exhibit behavioral problems, academic difficulties, and a higher risk of engaging in risky behaviors later in life


2. Permissive parenting:

Permissive parenting, also known as indulgent parenting, describes a style characterized by high responsiveness and low demands. These parents are typically warm and nurturing, readily responding to their child’s needs and desires.

However, they tend to be lenient when it comes to setting and enforcing rules and boundaries. Permissive parents often prioritize their child’s happiness and freedom of expression above all else, allowing them considerable leeway in decision-making and behavior.

As a result, children raised in permissive environments may lack structure and discipline, leading to difficulties in self-regulation and responsibility.


3. Authoritarian parenting:

Authoritarian parenting is characterized by high demands and low responsiveness. These parents prioritize strict obedience, expecting adherence to rules without room for negotiation or flexibility. They often adopt a dictatorial approach to parenting, enforcing rules with little explanation or consideration for their child’s perspective.

Authoritarian parents typically maintain a hierarchical relationship with their children, where the authority of the parent is unquestioned. While this style of parenting may instill discipline and structure, it can also stifle a child’s autonomy and independence. Children from authoritarian homes may face self-esteem issues, decision-making difficulties, and struggles with expressing opinions and desires.

4. Authoritative parenting:

Authoritative parenting is characterized by a balanced approach that combines high levels of warmth and responsiveness with clear rules and expectations. These parents are actively involved in their children’s lives, providing support and encouragement while also setting appropriate standards of behavior.

Unlike authoritarian parents, authoritative parents are responsive to their children’s needs and emotions, taking their opinions and feelings into account when making decisions. They establish rules and guidelines in a nurturing and supportive manner, fostering open communication and mutual respect within the parent-child relationship. This parenting style promotes independence, self-discipline, and social competence in children, as they learn to navigate the world with guidance and support from their parents.


The style of parenting that will be employed by a parent depends on different factors, some of which include; age of the child, distance between parent and child, the maturity level of the child and many more.

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