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The benefits of Project-based learning

Project-based learning advocates active exploration of real-world challenges and problems over mere memorization from teachers. Therefore, discussing a topic like The benefits of project-based learning is essential.

Let’s dive in,


What is Project-Based Learning?


Project-based learning involves students actively gaining knowledge and skills by investigating and responding to an authentic, engaging, and complex question, problem, or challenge over an extended period.

Students actively work on a project over an extended period, engaging in solving a real-world problem or answering a complex question. They demonstrate their knowledge and skills by creating a public product or presentation for a real audience.

History of Project-Based Learning

John Dewey early on supported project-based education or its principles through his idea of “learning by doing”. In My Pedagogical Creed (1897), Dewey enumerated his beliefs, including the view that “the teacher is not in the school to impose certain ideas or to form certain habits in the child, but is there as a member of the community to select the influences which shall affect the child and to assist him in properly responding to these”. For this reason, he promoted the so-called expressive or constructive activities as the center of correlation. Educational research has advanced this idea of teaching and learning into a methodology known as “project-based learning”. William Heard Kilpatrick built on Dewey’s theory and introduced the project method as a component of Dewey’s problem method of teaching.

Some scholars (e.g. James G. Greeno) also link project-based learning with Jean Piaget’s “situated learning” perspective and constructivist theories. Piaget advocated learning that doesn’t focus on memorization. Within his theory, project-based learning is considered a method that engages students to invent and view learning as a process with a future, rather than acquiring knowledge bases.


Benefits of Project-Based Learning


1 . Critical thinking and problem-solving:

This teaching method fosters the development of higher-order thinking skills as students encounter complex problems or challenges that necessitate analysis, critical thinking, and solution development.

Furthermore, it cultivates critical thinking by immersing students in complex problems, requiring analysis and solution development for skill enhancement.


2 . Long-Term Retention:

This teaching method promotes the long-term retention of knowledge and skills. When students engage in a project, they are more likely to remember and apply what they have learned.

Additionally, it boosts long-term memory and application of knowledge by actively engaging students in real-world projects.


3 . Authentic learning experience:

Engaging in projects reflecting real-life situations helps students understand the practical relevance of their learning. Also, this connection to reality enhances the authenticity and meaning of the learning experience, fostering deeper understanding and skill application.


Project-based learning empowers students to become active learners, critical thinkers, and effective communicators. However, it necessitates careful planning and support from educators. They must develop meaningful projects aligned with curriculum goals and guide the process. Additionally, digital solutions may be needed for ease and documentation during the project duration.

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